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Cedar Springs Public Schools

Purpose. Potential. Pride.

Parent Resources

Parent Advisors for Special Education (PASE)

The Kent Intermediate School District (KISD) has a parent advisory committee that provides input related to the improvement of special education services within Kent County. Each local school district has PASE members appointed by their local school board and the KISD Board, who serve three-year terms. Cedar Springs PASE members assist our special education administrators in disseminating information and educational opportunities available to parents. The PASE members can provide information and support from a parent's point of view. 


Click here to read more about PASE at




Education Links

Kent Intermediate School District
2930 Knapp Street NE
Grand Rapids, MI 49525
(616) 364-1333
Arbor Circle Counseling Services
1101 Ball Avenue NE
Grand Rapids, MI  49505
(616) 456-6571
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The ARC Kent County
1331 Lake Drive SE
Suite 2
Grand Rapids, MI  49506
(616) 459-3339
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Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired 
215 Sheldon Blvd SE
Grand Rapids, MI  49503
(616) 458-1187
(800) 466-8084
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Autism Society of Kent County (ASK) 
PO Box 150348
Grand Rapids, MI  49515-0348
(616) 852-8577
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Autism Society of Michigan (ASM) 
6035 Executive Drive
Suite 109
Lansing, MI  48911
(800) 223-6722
(517) 882-2800
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Child and Family Resource Council 
118 Commerce Avenue SW
Suite 220
Grand Rapids, MI  49503
(616) 454-4673
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Children and Adults With AD/HD (CHADD) 
7269 DeCosta Drive NE
Rockford, MI  49341
(616) 874-5662
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Children's Special Health Care Services 
Kent County Health Department
700 Fuller Avenue NE
Grand Rapids, MI  49503
(616) 336-3822
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Citizens Alliance to Uphold Special Education (CAUSE) 
6945 Madison Avenue SE
Grand Rapids, MI  49548
(616) 455-8719
(800) 221-9105
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Community Mental Health and Substance Abuse Network of West Michigan 
728 Fuller Avenue NE
Grand Rapids, MI  49503
(616) 336-3765
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Comprehensive Therapy Center 
2505 Ardmore Street SE
Grand Rapids, MI  49506
(616) 559-1054
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Disability Advocates of Kent County 
3600 Camelot Drive SE
Grand Rapids, MI  49503
(616) 949-1100
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Down Syndrome Association of West Michigan 
PO Box 8804
Grand Rapids, MI  49518
(616) 956-3488
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Early On of Kent County 
1800 Leffingwell Avenue NE
Grand Rapids, MI  49525
(616) 365-2310
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Family Independence Agency 
415 Franklin Street SE
Grand Rapids, MI  49507
(616) 247-6000
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Kent County Health Department 
700 Fuller Avenue NE
Grand Rapids, MI  49503
(616) 336-3030
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Learning Disabilities Association of Michigan 
200 Museum Drive
Suite 101
Lansing, MI  48933
(517) 485-8160
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Michigan Department of Education 
Office of Special Education and Early Intervention Services
PO Box 30008
Lansing, MI  48933
(517) 373-0923
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Michigan Department of Career Development 
Rehabilitation Services - Grand Rapids Central District
750 Front Ave NW
Suite 211
Grand Rapids, MI  49504
(616) 242-6450
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Michigan Protection and Advocacy 
4095 Legacy Parkway
Suite 500
Lansing, MI  48911-4263
(800) 288-5923
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Parent Advisors for Special Education (PASE) 
Attn: Kent ISD
2930 Knapp Street NE
Grand Rapids, MI  49525
(616) 365-2297
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1225 Lake Drive SE
Grand Rapids, MI  49506
(616) 774-0853
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West Michigan Inclusion Network (WIN) 
PO Box 889
Ada, MI  49301
(616) 954-9424
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Glossary of Terms


Changes in curriculum or instruction that do not substantially modify the requirements of the class or alter the content standards or benchmarks. Accommodations are determined by the IEP Team and are documented in the student IEP Team report.

Age of Majority/Transfer of Rights

When a student with a disability reaches the age of 18, all rights accorded to a parent transfer to the student. The parent and student must be informed of the transfer of rights at least one year prior to the student’s 18th birthday.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Federal law requiring accommodations for people with disabilities in the community and workplace.

Assessment Testing

or evaluation – including mental, social, psychological, physical, speech, occupational, vocational, or educational – done by school district personnel to gather information about a student.

Assistive Technology Device

Any item, piece of equipment, or product that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities. Assistive technology needs are determined by the IEP Team.

Assistive Technology Service

Any service that helps a student with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device. This includes training with the device.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development, and that interferes with developmentally appropriate social/academic functioning.

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and social interaction that adversely affects an individual’s educational performance.

Continuum of Service

The range of supports and services that must be provided by a school district that allows students with disabilities to be provided a free, appropriate public education.

Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE)

Special education and related services provided to children from birth to age seven.

Enderle-Severson Transition Rating Scale (ESTR)

An age appropriate transition assessment that has been studied for reliability and validity to facilitate the transition planning process in the schools.

Extended School Year Services

Special education and related services provided to a qualified student with disabilities beyond the normal school year, in accordance with the student’s Individualized Education Plan, and at no cost to the parent. The need for Extended Services is determined by the student’s IEP Team.

Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)

Special education and related services are provided to students with disabilities by the Local Education Agency (LEA) and Public School Academies (PSA) at public expense and under public supervision and direction at no cost to the student’s parents.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

A federal law which gives parents, and the student over 18 years of age, access to, and control over all education and school records.

Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)

A process of attempting to understand the purpose, motivation, and correlation of a problem behavior. The result of the process is the development of an appropriate behavior support and management plan.

Individual with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA)

The federal law that requires school districts to provide students with disabilities with a free appropriate public education at public expense. The act provides procedural safeguards and due process rights, as well as specific mandates regarding a free appropriate public education.

Independent Education Evaluation (IEE)

Education evaluations of a student by an evaluator who does not regularly work for the school district. Parents who are not satisfied with the school district’s evaluation can request an IEE at public expense.

Individualized Education Program (IEP)

The written plan that details the special education and related services that must be provided to each student who receives special education services. It must be reviewed and revised every year.

Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)

A written plan for providing early intervention services to an eligible individual and to the individual’s family.

Intermediate School District (ISD)

The Kent ISD provides technical assistance and support to the local school districts and public school academies within the county.

Local Education Agency (LEA)

The school district that is directly responsible for providing special education services in a geographical area.

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)

A federal mandate that, to the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities be educated with children who are not disabled.

Manifestation Determination Review (MDR)

A safeguard to ensure that students are not being punished because of their exceptionality. An MDR examines the child's behavior and previously documented information about the student, in an effort to determine whether the behavior for which the student is being disciplined, is a manifestiation of the student's disability.


Changes in curriculum or instruction that substantially change the requirements of the class or substantially alter the content standards and benchmarks.

Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team (MET)

An evaluation or recommendation of a student having a disability by a group of individuals from various appropriate professional disciplines, such as educators, psychologists, and physicians.

Occupational Therapy (OT)

A related service that focuses on the development of a student’s fine motor skills and/or the identification of adapted ways of accomplishing activities of daily living.

Parent Advisors for Special Education (PASE)

Consists of parents of individuals with disabilities with at least one parent from each local education agency and one public school academy. The parent advisory committee may provide advisory input on any matters the committee deems appropriate to the improvement of special education services within the intermediate school district.

Positive Behavior Support Plan (PBSP)

A support plan created from a Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA). This approach is used to eliminate challenging behaviors and replace them with social skills. Use of a PBSP is a "best practice" that decreases the need for more intrusive or aversive interventions.

Related Service

Services required to assist an individual with disabilities to benefit from special education, including, but not limited to, transportation, OT, PT, and medical care.

School Psychologist

A trained professional who assists in the identification of needs regarding behavioral, social, emotional, educational, and vocational functioning of individuals.

School Social Worker (SSW)

A trained professional who supports the educational program of individuals by assisting in identification and assessment of the individual’s educational needs, including social, emotional, behavioral, and adaptive needs; the school social worker also provides intervention services.

Section 504

A section of the federal law called the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibits discrimination by any entity that accepts federal funds.

Special Education

Specifically designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of an eligible individual, including the specially designed instruction conducted in schools, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings.

Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP)

A trained professional who analyzes speech and language comprehension and production to determine communication competencies and provides intervention strategies and services related to speech and language development, as well as disorders of language, voice, articulation, and fluency.

Transition Services

A coordinated set of activities that promote movement from school to post-school education, vocational training, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, and community participation.

Transition goals

are determined by the IEP Team beginning at age 14 and are based on student and family vision, preferences, and interests.



Parent & Student Documents